Lamb of God: A Biblical Passover Communion

Lamb of God

The interactive story (“Haggadah” in Hebrew) in this article is based on the Passover meal that Yeshua celebrated with his disciples.

It contains the basic core-elements of a Passover celebration, to enable the reader to gain a better understanding of the events that occurred during the last supper of Yeshua and his disciples.

The story follows an ancient order, which is called “Seder” in Hebrew (which is also the name for the plate with symbolic foods). It is probably the same order that was followed by Jeshua and his disciples during the Last Supper. 

The focus is on Yeshua our Passover Lamb, and the spiritual and prophetic aspects of Passover.
May it give your Communion more dept and meaning.

(To download it in PDF format to print an A5 booklet click here. It is an ideal gift for someone who is interested to know more about the origin and meaning of Communion – or to use for a special Communion!)


The Lamb of God: A Biblical Passover Communion


    1. Preparation before the Festival
    2. Welcoming and announcements
    3. Yeshua, the Light of the world
    4. The Feast begins: Blow the shofars!
    5. New Covenant Creed
    6. The four cups of wine: The First Cup
    7. The Passover Prayer
    8. Clean hands and pure heart
    9. New life from tears
    10. The four questions
    11. The Second Cup – The Cup of Deliverance
    12. The Passover Lamb 
    13. The Passover supper
    14. Communion: The Afikomen and the Cup of Salvation
    15. Worship dance / music video (opsional)
    16. The Cup of Elijah: Preparing the Way of God 
    17. The Lord’s Prayer for his disciples
    18. The Song of Praise 
    19. The Fourth Cup – the Cup of Praise
    20. The Priestly Blessing
    21. Conclusion
    22. Cleaning up

It is strongly recommended 
that guests read this section before the Feast, if possible.

1. Preparation before the Festival

It is very important that we are prepared when we celebrate the Passover. Communion is a set apart (holy) event, so we take it very seriously.

The Passover Communion: 
In remembrance of Yeshua (Zichron Mashiach)

When Yeshua renewed the Covenant at Pesach, he instituted the Holy Communion and said that we must do it in his remembrance.
(Jer 31:31-33, Mat 26:28, Luk 22:12+20, 1 Cor 11:23-25).

We must eat the Covenant Meal to be part of the Covenant. In Biblical times the bridegroom would present a glass of wine to the lady when he proposed. If she accepts his wedding agreement (ketubah) then she would drink from the cup and be betrothed to him.

Joh 6:53 Then Yeshua said unto them: Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you.

It’s for all believers who want to take part and whose hearts are prepared:

A Bride is set-apart exclusively to her Bridegroom. For us as New Covenant believers this is the most important and “most holy” event of the year. Communion is a sacred event, so we must prepare our hearts to participate in it:

1 Cor 11:28-30 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he who eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks damnation to himself, not discerning Yeshua's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.

That means that we must be thoroughly aware of the fact that the bread and wine is set apart (“holy”), because it represents the body of Yeshua.

Preparations for Passover already start a few days before the time by removing all leaven and rising agents (anything that “pufs up”). All remaining foods that contain leaven are burned the morning before Passover begins. 

Exo 12:15 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; from the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses. For whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

Leaven (and other rising agents) causes the dough to rise; it shows how sin makes us proud and haughty. It also speaks of false teachings that influence the whole dough in time. The purpose  and focus of the cleaning operation is to remind and teach us that our lives must be without leaven.

1 Cor 13:4 Love is patient and kind. Love envies not. Love is not boastful, is not puffed up.
1 Cor 5:6-8 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? v7 Take away therefore the old leaven, so that you may be a new batch of dough, in accordance with you being unleavened, and because Messiah our Passover has been sacrificed for us. 
V8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

It’s not about “eating pancakes” but sanctification (sanctification is to obey God’s commandments). It’s more about the spiritual than the physical. It’s about being followers of Messiah.

Exo 12:48b No uncircumcised person shall eat of the Pesach Lamb. 
Deu 30:6 And Yahweh thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love Yahweh thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou may live. 

Ezr 6:21 And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness of the heathen of the land, to seek Yahweh, the God of Israel, ate.
The Origin of Pesach: To pass over
Exo 12:3-6 Speak you unto all the congregation of Israel, saying: In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 
Exo 12:7-13 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper doorpost of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. And the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 

Deu 16:1 Observe the month of Aviv, and keep the passover unto Yahweh thy God: for in the month of Aviv Yahweh thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
The message of Passover is protection and salvation because of the blood of the Lamb. The Hebrew word for pass over is “Pesach”.

The Gospel of Moses

The Scriptural basis for our story tonight is Exo 13:8 - And thou shall show thy son in that day, saying: This is done because of that which Yahweh did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

It is the good news of salvation because of the Pesach Lamb – we can call it the “Gospel of Moses”. Egypt represents bondage and slavery of sin, but Jeshua came to set us free. And then we need to be witnesses of that which God did unto us when we came out of the slavery of sin. 

2. Welcome!

Welcoming and announcements (group leader or host welcomes the guests and do announcements). 
Read Preparation before the Festival.

Communion is the focus of tonight. Nothing is being eaten or drunk after that. 

We read in 1 Cor 11:24+25 that Yeshua did the same, and we want to follow his example. The taste of the Afikomen must be the last thing that you remember of the evening…

Our focus is on our relationship with God and his Covenant that was renewed by Yeshua.

• Hostess             3. Yeshua, the Light of the world.

Yeshua, the Light of the world, came into the world through a woman (that is why a woman light the candles). The Menorah represents Yeshua and the Holy Spirit, and in their honour we now lit the candles.


Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the universe, who sets us apart by your commands, and in whose Name we light the festal candles. 
Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the universe, who sent your Son, Yeshua the Messiah, to be the Light of the world and our Passover lamb. Amen.

Shofar-blower   4. Proclaim that the Feast begins: Blow the shofars

Psa 81:3 Blow the trumpet at the new moon, and at the full moon, on our feast day. 
Psa 89:15  Blessed are the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, Yahweh, in the light of thy countenance.  
• Reader  1            5. The Shema: Our New Covenant Creed

The Shema is the original creed of faith of believers. 

Heb 8:10 / Jer 31:33 But this shall be the Covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says Yahweh (the LORD): I will put my Instructions (Torah) in their inward parts and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God , and they shall be My people.
Mar 12:29 And Yeshua answered him: The first of all the commandments is: 
Hear, Israel: Yahweh is our God , Yahweh alone;
Mar 12:30 And you shall love Yahweh your God  with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength. This is the first commandment. 
Mar 12:31 And the second is similar to it, namely this: You shall love your neighbour as yourself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
Mat 22:40 These two commandments are the foundation of all God’s Instructions (Torah) and the prophets.

• Lead singer 

שמע ישראל יהוה אלהינו יהוה אחד
Shema Yishra’el, Yahweh Eloheynu, Yahweh echad
Hear Israel, Yahweh is our God, Yahweh alone

בּרוך שם כּבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד
Baruch shem kevod malchuto le’olam va’ed.
Blessed is the name of his glorious Kingdom for all eternity

• Reader  2                                   6. The four cups of wine

The four cups of wine refers to what Yahweh said He would do to make Israel his covenant people in Exo 6:6+7:
1. I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians: 
Cup of Sanctification / Setting Apart,
2. and I will rid you out of their bondage:
Cup of Deliverance,
3. and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm and with great judgments:
Cup of Salvation (“Yeshuah” in Hebrew);
4. and I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God:
Cup of Praise. 

At Passover we celebrate these acts of redemption by drinking from our cups four times.

The first cup –
The Cup of Sanctification (“setting apart for exclusive use”)

God set Israel apart to be committed to Him, a set apart nation. Likewise He also set us apart to be a set-apart people, a peculiar people; that we should proclaim the praises of Him who has called us out of darkness into his marvellous light (1 Pet. 2:9).

Yeshua took the cup, blessed God, and said: Take this and share it among yourselves (Luk 22:17). 

The Passover Prayer is an ancient “opening prayer” that is prayed over this first cup:

• Reader  3                              7. The Passover Prayer

Blessed are Thou Yahweh, our God, Ruler of the universe, who created the fruit of the vine. 
Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God, who sanctifies us by Thine commandmends. And Thou has given us, Yahweh our God, in love, the appointed times for rejoicing, festivals and seasons for gladness: this feast-day of Passover, the time of our freedom, a holy convocation in remembrance of our going out of Egypt. 

For Thou has chosen us and set us apart from all people, and Thou has given us as a heritage Thy set-apart appointed times with joy and gladness.

Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God, who sanctifies Israel and the festive seasons.
Blessed art Thou, Yahweh our God, Who has kept us alive, and preserved us, and has brought us to this time.

Let us all drink of the first cup of Passover while we dedicate ourselves to God.

• Reader  4            8. Clean hands and pure heart

Psa 24:3-4 Who may go up to the mountain of Yahweh? And who may stand in his set-apart place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lifts up his soul unto vanity, nor swears deceitfully.

This part of the Seder refers to the priest who had to wash his hands and feet before he brought offerings, or entered into the Most Set-apart Place. It was probably at this stage of the Seder that Yeshua washed the feet of his disciples (Luc 13:14), to show us that we should serve others in humility.

We are now going to wash our hands. Wash the hands of your spouse or somebody else and to bless them while you do it. 

Now is a good opportunity to make right before Communion, if necessary. If you have wronged somebody who is here tonight, or was wronged by somebody who is here tonight, go to that person and wash his/her hands and make right:
Mat 5:23+24 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there remembers that thy brother has something against thee; leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.

• Reader  1                    9. New life from tears

God creates and sustains life. It is now springtime in Jerusalem, and the green vegetable represents spring and new life. But life for the children of Israel in Egypt was full of suffering and tears, represented by this salt water (lift up the green leaf and salt water).

Psa 56:8 Thou has counted my wanderings: put Thou my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?
As we dip the green leaf (called “karpas”) into the salt water and eat it, let it remind us that there is new life after suffering.

• Reader  2                   10. The four questions

Exo 12:26+27  And it will happen, when your children shall ask you: What is your intention with this service? that you shall say: It is the sacrifice of Yahweh's Passover, because He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. In reference to this verse four questions are asked by a child (or youngest adult):

10.1 On all other nights we eat bread or matzo, why do we only eat matzo this night?

When the children of Israel fled from Egypt, there was not enough time for their dough to rise:
Exo 12:39  And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened. Because they were driven out of Egypt, they had no time to prepare any food for themselves.
God also commanded us to remove all leaven and only to eat unleavened bread during Passover:
Exo 12:14+15 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and you shall celebrate it as a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations. You shall celebrate it as a feast by an ordinance forever. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread (matzo); from the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses. For whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

• Reader  3   With Passover three matzos are wrapped together in a cloth. 

This is called the “Unity”.
We now take out the middle matzo. [Hold up the matzo].
Matzo is called the “bread of affliction”. Not only does it reminds us of the afflictions of the children of Israel in Egypt, but it also reminds us of the afflictions of Yeshua. The burn marks show that it had to go through fire.

Leaven symbolizes sin. The matzo, however, doesn’t contain any leaven, which is why it is so flat.
Just look at how flat it is! Just as the matzo doesn’t contain any leaven, so was Yeshua our Passover Lamb without sin.

Isa 53:3 He was despised and rejected by people, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. He was despised like someone we hid our faces from, and we esteemed Him not.
Isa 53:4 He surely has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: but we esteemed Him stricken, smitten and afflicted by God .
Isa 53:5 But He was pierced for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities

[break the matzo in half and put back the smaller piece of the matzo];

the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and by his wounds we are healed.

[hold up the “Afikomen”]

This broken matzo is called the Afikomen and it symbolizes the Passover Lamb. Afikomen means “The Coming One” and it refers to the Messiah who is coming.  The Afikomen is hidden and brought back at the end of the Seder as the most important piece of the meal. 

It portrays the death, burial, resurrection and return of our Messiah in a wonderful way.
Mat 27:59 And when Joseph had taken the body (of Yeshua), he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth

[wrap the Afikomen in the cloth]

(The Afikomen is set-apart and used for Communion, please treat it with the greatest respect).

• Reader  4  10.2 On all other nights we eat all kinds of vegetables, 
why do we eat bitter herbs tonight?

Exo 1:13+14 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with cruel harshness: And they made their lives bitter with hard slave labour, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with cruel harshness.
God wants us to remember the bitter life of the children on Israel in Egypt, so He commanded us to eat matzos with bitter herbs:
Exo 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted over fire; 
together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.
The bitter herbs on the matzo also remind us of Yeshua that had to suffer for us, because He took our bitter on Him:
Mat 8:17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Yesha’yahu the prophet, saying:
He Himself took our infirmities, and bore our sicknesses.

God wants us to remember what happened in Egypt, and when we use our senses we remember it better.
While we put a little bit of the bitter herbs on a piece of matzo and eat it, let the bitter taste fill us with compassion with those people still in the bondage of sin, and with gratefulness for the bitter suffering of Yeshua that set us free from our sins.

• Reader  1   

10.3 On other nights we don’t dip our vegetables, not even once, why do we dip twice tonight: first the vegetable in the salt water, and now the matzo, with the bitter herbs on it, in the charoset? 

The children of Israel had to make clay bricks and build cities for Pharaoh. This charoset [Lift the charoset] reminds us of the clay and the bricks. It is made of apple, honey, nuts and wine. This sweet apple mixture reminds us that even the most bitter circumstances can be sweetened by the hope we have in God.

The betrayal of Judas was bitter for Yeshua, but he still enjoyed to eat the Pesach with his disciples before he suffered (Luk 22:15).

Mar 14:18-20 And as they lay (on their sides at the table) and were eating, Yeshua said: Amen, I say to you, one of you will betray me, one who is eating with me. And they began to be sorrowful, and to ask Him one by one: Is it I? and another asked: Is it I? And He answered and said unto them:
It is one of you twelve, the one who dips his bread in the dish with Me.
We are now placing, for the second time, some of the bitter herbs on our piece of matzo. But this time we dip the matzo, with the bitter herbs on it, into the charoset.

• Reader  2   

10.4 The Israelites were standing on the first Pesach when they left Egypt, why did Jeshua and his disciples recline when they cele-brated Pesach during their Last Supper?

With the first Passover the Israelites had to stand and eat in haste. Slaves also had to stand and serve their masters. After their deliverance it became a custom of the Israelites to recline while eating the Passover, because it symbolizes freedom.

This also explains how Yehochanan was laying against the breast of Yeshua at the table when he turned to speak to Him, because he was laying in front of Yeshua.

Joh 8:36 Therefore, if the Son sets you free, you shall be free indeed.

• Reader  3      11. The Second Cup – The Cup of Deliverance

The story of the Passover is a story of slavery and deliverance. It is a story of hope that is not shamed, a story of a God whose Covenants are eternal. God promised the land of Israel to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but their descendants were slaves in Egypt.

The Israelites were oppressed and subjected to slavery in Egypt. Their children were killed. In their distress they cried out to God. He answered their prayers and sent Mosheh to lead them out.

Let us fill our cups a second time (but don’t drink it yet).

A cup of wine is a symbol of joy, and we are filled with great joy for our redemption. But redemption came at a price. People had to die so that the people of God could be freed from slavery.

Yeshua had to die so that we could be free from the slavery of sin.

And many people have died, and many more are still going to die in their sins, because they reject Yeshua.

• Reader  4   

Eze 33:11 Say unto them: As I live, says Adonai Yahweh, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn you, turn you from your evil ways! And for why should you die, house of Israel, (if you can live)?

Pro 17:5 He who mocks the poor, insults his Maker; he who rejoices at calamities, shall not be unpunished.
God loves people, and He expects us to also love other and to show sympathy for the wicked who are punished, and not to enjoy it - even if they did deserve it. 

The ten plagues are not only historical, but also prophetic: they remind us of the plagues of Revelation when God will pour out his wrath. We all have loved ones who are not saved, and some of them will go through it. It reduces the fullness of our cup of joy, which is shown by each drop that falls.

• Reader  1   

As we recount each plague, let us dip a finger in the cup en with every plague allow a drop to fall. All together:

    1. Blood!                          2. Frogs!
    3. Lice!                            4. Dog-flies!
    5. Grievous pestilence!     6. Boils!
    7. Hail!                            8. Locusts!
    9. Darkness!                   10. Death of the firstborn!
    (don’t drink the second cup yet)

• Reader  2  

12. The Passover Lamb: Saved by his outstretched arms

The shank bone symbolizes the Passover Lamb that has been slaughtered. Everyone who applied the blood of the Passover lamb to the doorpost was saved, and everyone who comes to the cross with the blood of the Lamb of God on it will be saved.

The Hebrew word for this bone is z’roa and it refers to an outstretched arm.

Deu 26:8 And Yahweh brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs and with wonders;
1 Cor 5:7: Take away therefore the old leaven, so that you may be a new batch of dough, in accordance with you being unleavened, and because Messiah our Passover Lamb has been sacrificed for us.

We are saved by the blood of Yeshua. Yeshua saved us with his outstretched arms that were nailed to the pole that was fixed to a tree.

Let us drink the second cup – le’chaim! To life!


• Speaker                    13. The Passover supper.

Please note: The most important part of the evening, Holy Communion, will take place after the meal.
Let us focus on it during the meal and not keep ourself busy with idle talk:
Psa 19:14  Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, Yahweh, my strength, and my redeemer!


• Host                              14. Communion

1 Cor 11:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are proclaiming the death of Yeshua until He comes.

We now come to the most important part of Passover – the eating of the Afikomen and the drinking of the third cup. It was this specific broken matzo, the Afikomen, and this specific cup, the Cup of Redemption, which Yeshua used when He established Communion.

The Afikomen: this is my body broken for you!

And Yeshua took the Afikomen, and He blessed God, saying:

Baruch atah Yahweh/Adonai, eloheynu, melech ha’olam, 
hamotsi lechem min ha’arets
Blessed are you Yahweh/Adonay, 
our God, King of the universe,
who brings forth bread from the earth.

Then He broke it and gave unto them, saying:

Take, eat, this is my body which is broken for you:
do this in remembrance of me.

Let us now eat a piece of the Afikomen while we remember the broken body of the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.
(Luk 22:19, 1 Cor 11:23-24)

Important: The Afikomen is sacred (because it was set-apart for Communion) and as such must be handled with respect. If there are any leftover it can be used for Communion, or it should be burned in a clean place (the Biblical instructions for sacred food that is not eaten). 

The Cup of Salvation – this is my blood shed for you!

1 Cor 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Messiah?
The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Messiah?

Cups are nou filled for the third time. 

And Yeshua took the cup after supper and He blessed God:

Baruch atah Yahweh/Adonay, eloheynu, Melech ha’olam, borey pri hagafen
Blessed are You Yahweh/Adonay, our God, King of the universe, 
who creates the fruit of the vine.

Yeshua gave the cup to his disciples, saying:

This cup is the New Covenant sealed with my blood, 
which is shed for many for the remission of sins:
do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.

Psa 116:12+13  What shall I render unto Yahweh for all his benefits toward me? I will take the Cup of Salvation (“Yeshuah”), and call upon the name of Yahweh.

Let us drink this cup in remembrance of our Covenant with Yeshua
(Mat 26:27+28, Luk 22:20, 1Cor 11:25+26)


15. Worship dance / Music video (opsional)

A worship dance can be done with the crucifixion as theme, or a music video can be played to give guest some time to reflect on it.

• Reader  1     16. The Cup of Elijah: Preparing the way of God 

Traditionally an extra cup is placed on the table for Elijah. The Jews believe that Elijah will be the forerunner of the Messiah, based on Mal 4:5:
Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of Yahweh.

This prophecy also refers to Yehochanan, also known as John the Baptist. Yehochanan declared that Yeshua is the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world. 

We are living in the end times, these are the days of Elijah.

• Guests in turns       17. Yeshua’s Prayer for his disciples

It was at the end of the meal that Yeshua prayed the prayer in John 17 for his disciples. We will now read that prayer, 

Joh 17:1 These words spoke Yeshua, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said: Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify Thee: 
v2 As Thou has given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as Thou has given him. 
v3 And this is life eternal, that they might know Thee the only true God, and Yeshua the Messiah, whom Thou has sent. 
v4  I have glorified Thee on the earth: I have finished the work which Thou gave me to do. 
v5  And now, O Father, glorify Thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with Thee before the world was. 
v6  I have manifested thy Name unto the men which Thou gave me out of the world: thine they were, and Thou gave them me; and they have kept thy word. 
v7  Now they have known that all things whatever Thou has given me are of Thee. 
v8  For I have given unto them the words which Thou gave me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from Thee, and they have believed that Thou did send me. 
v9  I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which Thou has given me; for they are thine. 
v10  And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them. 
v11  And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to Thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom Thou has given me, that they may be one, as we are. 
v12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that Thou gave me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled. 
v13  And now come I to Thee; and these things I speak in the world, that they might have my joy fulfilled in themselves. 
v14  I have given them thy word; and the world has hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 
v15  I pray not that Thou should take them out of the world, but that Thou should keep them from the evil. 
v16  They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 
v17  Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. 
v18  As Thou has sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 
v19  And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. 
v20  Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 
v21 That they all may be one; as Thou, Father, art in me, and I in Thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that Thou has sent me. 
v22  And the glory which Thou gave me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one: 
v23  I in them, and Thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that Thou has sent me, and has loved them, as Thou has loved me. 
v24  Father, I will that they also, whom Thou has given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which Thou has given me: for Thou loved me before the foundation of the world. 
v25 O righteous Father, the world has not known Thee: but I have known Thee, and these have known that Thou has sent me. 
v26  And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it: that the love wherewith Thou has loved me may be in them, and I in them.
We will now pray for the peace of Jerusalem:
Psa 122:6  Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.
18. Song of Praise (Hillel)
Mat 26:30 And when they had sung the Hallel, they went out into the mount of Olives.
(“Hodu L’Adonai” by Barry and Batya Segal can be sung, it is based on Psalm 118, which is part of the Hallel).

• Reader  2      19. The Fourth Cup – the Cup of Praise

The fourth cup is called the Cup of Praise because it is drunk after the Hallel has been sung. The Hallel is a song of praise consisting of six psalms, from Psalm 113 to Psalm 118.

Apparently Yeshua did not drink this cup, because he wants to drink it with us when he returns:

Mat 26:29  But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.

Let us drink the fourth cup while looking forward to the day that we will drink it with Yeshua, as he foretold.

• An elder or leader:    20. The Priestly Blessing (Birkat Kohanim)

Yahweh bless thee, and keep thee:

Yahweh makes his face shine upon thee, 
(be a light unto your path and save you)
and be gracious unto thee:

Yahweh lift up his countenance upon thee, 
(look upon you with favour)
and give thee shalom.
Num 6:24-26

• Host:                          21. Conclusion

We thank you for having celebrated this amazing event with us! Let us conclude our festivities with the traditional wish that we may celebrate Passover next year in Jerusalem:

Lashanah haba’ah birushalayim! 

Next year in Jerusalem!



The First Fruit offering

The so-called “Biblical feasts” are all appointments with God (the Hebrew word “mo’ed” refers to a specific appointed time). They represent important events of God’s dealings with us humans:

    • Passover (Pesach):    The New Covenant

    • Unleavened Bread (HaMotzi)    Victory over death and disease

    • Fruit fruits (Bikkurim):    Resurrection of Yeshua

    • Pentecost (Shavu’ot):    Holy Spirit poured out

    • Trumpets (Yom Teru’ah):    Return of Yeshua

    • Atonement (Yom Kippur):    Judgement of the world

    • Tabernacles (Sukkot):    Messianic Age / Reign of Peace 

Yeshua is the grain of wheat that fell into the ground to bear much fruit:

Joh 12:23-24 And Yeshua answered them, saying: The time has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, unless the grain of wheat that falls into the ground dies, it remains alone, but if it dies it bears much fruit.

Lev 23:9-11 And Yahweh spoke unto Moshe, saying: Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When you be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before Yahweh, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.

1 Cor 15:20-23 But now the Messiah has been raised from the dead, and became the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in the Messiah shall all be made alive, but every man in his own order:
The Messiah as the firstfruits; afterward those who are the Messiah's at his coming.

(For those who want to bring a First Fruit (or any other) offering to support the ministry work of Moadim Media, our bank details are at the end of this article). 


Guidelines in hosting a Pesach-Communion celebration

Time planning / Programme:

The story itself should take no longer than an hour (provided people don't talk much in between). From the beginning of the Lord's Supper to the closing is about half an hour. If you still need to clean up then you can allow another 45 minutes. If you allow 45 minutes for the meal then it gives you an absolute minimum duration of 3 hours (4 hours is recommended).

The welcome, announcements, the introductory section Preparation before the Festival and the start of the program up to the first mug of wine takes about an hour. If preferred or necessary it can be done before sunset (about 18:30 in South Africa). (The first cup of wine is part of the Passover meal, so it is not drunk until after sunset.)

The following items are needed for the Passover celebration:

1. A Seder plate with containers for the food-symbols.

2. Unleavened bread (“matzos”): three for the “Afikomen” ceremony (on top of each other, covered with a white cloth, plus extra to eat)

3. Four cups for wine (fifth cup for Elijah optional) and a container with wine

4. A water can, bowl for washing and a small towel

5. A copy of the Haggadah

6. Candles: Traditionally two festival candles are used, but many believers use a menorah, which is a reference to Yeshua and the Holy Spirit.

7. Food for the festive meal! Kosher for Pesach, during Passover it also means without any yeast. (Mutton dishes are often served during the Passover Seder to remind us of the Passover Lamb.)

Please note: Dessert/pudding after the meal is discouraged, it was not part of the Passover meal (it also takes away the focus from the Communion). Guests can be welcomed with coffee or tea.

The Seder plate:

You can use any plate (or tray) and place the food symbols in containers or as is on the plate (you can also buy or make a special Seder plate). You can either place little portions of the food items on the Seder plate with extra containers with enough vegetables and charoset on the table, or you can place containers that are big enough to take the vegetables and charoset for all the guests on the Seder plate and then send it along during the Seder. 

The Seder plate is prepared beforehand and placed at the seat of the group leader of the table. 

The following food-symbols are placed on it:

1. Bitter herbs (maror). Use something with a bitter taste, like grated horse –radish, uncured olives or chicory. Bitter vegetables like watercress or radish are also added. Make sure it is bitter - it is not supposed to taste nice…
At least two bitter foods are used because Num 9:11 refers to bitters herbs, plural.

2. Bowl with salt water. There should also be enough bowls with salt water on the table for the dipping of the vegetables. Sometimes vinegar is used.

3. A Vegetable (karpas) – vegetable that is going to be dipped in the salt water, i.e. celery, parsley or cucumber.

4. Charoset (a mixture of chopped apples, nuts and cinnamon, moistened with wine). It symbolises the mud that the children of Israel used to make bricks for the slave masters of Pharaoh. 

5. Lamb shank bone (z’roa). The bone symbolizes the Passover Lamb.


Recipe for charoset (chopped apple mixture on the Seder plate)

This recipe yields about 3 cups, which should be enough for 6 persons.


6 apples – peeled, cored and chopped
1 cup finely chopped walnuts or almonds
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon sugar
3 teaspoons honey
sweet red wine to moisten (about 1/3 cup)
(dates can also be added, if wanted)


Chop the apples and nuts to the consistency that you want 
(or use a blender).
Mix together the cinnamon and sugar and sprinkle it over the apples and nuts.
Stir in the honey and sweet wine.
Refrigerate until served or serve immediately.

Practical arrangements:

(These arrangements might be useful in large groups with time constraints. Adjust or simplify for your group).

Communion is the most important part of our meeting. Try to do the Lord's Supper and Yeshua's prayer for his disciples not too late, for the sake of guests who cannot stay late. (Otherwise guests may feel rushed and not do it with the necessary dignity).

Ask the guests to limit the conversation during the story, so that there is more time to enjoy the meal and socialize.
(A sign can be given when the next speaker or reader is going to say something). 

The seder plates can be removed from the tables after the story, so that there is more space to enjoy the meal.

Each table can appoint a host who will pour the wine and break the Afikomen (Communion bread). (Hint: if he sits in the middle then he is within reach of all the guests at the table). 

Dishing up the food at the food tables can be halved if there are two rows, and the guests pass either side of the tables, and two spoons are placed in each bowl (This is especially applicable with larger groups).

Remove the remaining food from the food tables a quarter of an hour before the Lord's Supper, and the cutlery from the dining tables as soon as guests have finished eating. (With all the food out of the way, guests can focus on Communion.)

Tip: Let people bring their own cutlery and wash it back at their homes. If guests wish to wash their cutlery at the venue, then let them wash it as soon as they have finished eating. (Some people eat much faster than others. This will prevent a long clean-up at the end of the feast.)

Ask the men at each table to help clear the tables and chairs after the event, if necessary.


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Thank you very much, blessings and shalom! 

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